Wanted: Expert Reviewers to Enable Transparency of Climate Action

Global efforts are being ramped up to help countries report on their greenhouse gas emissions and action they are taking to reduce them. UN Climate Change is encouraging more expert reviewers to help with this crucial effort, a point made at a meeting of lead reviewers this month in Bonn, Germany.

Transparency is a key element of effective national and international climate action and covers not only reporting on efforts to curb greenhouse gases, but also building resilience to the inevitable impacts of climate change and the means of implementation such as finance, technology transfer and capacity-building.

“Qualified technical review experts nominated by countries are key to operate the enhanced transparency framework under the Paris Agreement. The lead reviewers meeting, as a forum of experienced reviewers, has been providing guidance and advice on how to improve the quality, efficiency and consistency of technical expert reviews under the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, and will engage also shaping the reviews under the Paris Agreement,” says Katia Simeonova, Manager with the Mitigation and Data Analysis Programme of UN Climate Change.

The task of reviewer is voluntary. However, their job is extremely important, and their enthusiasm for the task is impressive. At the meeting of 150 lead reviewers at the secretariat of UN Climate Change in Bonn, participants shared their impressions on what was achieved so far.


Thelma Krug, is a senior researcher, assistant to the Director at the National Institute for Space Research in the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation in Brazil and is the Vice Chair of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. For more than 15 years, she has been negotiating for Brazil on issues related to the land use, and has gained a lot of experience in being a reviewer.

“What I like most is that you can help countries to improve their inventories,” she says. “You can explain to them how possibly you would do it yourself considering your experiences, in my case those I have gained in my own country in doing the inventory of Brazil. And no matter how much experience you gain, you yourself are learning, learning, and learning. And you’re communicating with others coming from so many different cultures with different national circumstances.”


Nick Macaluso, Director of the Model Development and Quantitative Research Division, Economic Analysis Directorate within the Strategic Policy Branch of Environment and Climate Change Canada, deferred his retirement so that he could continue with the task of voluntary reviewer. What he also most appreciates about the job is the learning experience, which he says works both ways – for the reviewer and for the country that is being reviewed.

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